Engineering Feasibility and Construction
Engineering Procurement and Construction
We provide Engineering, Procurement and Construction for cooler, cleaner, greener power and energy systems. We also offer energy-saving technologies that include; Absorption Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated Demand Response, Cogeneration, Demand Response Programs, Demand Side Management, Energy Master Planning, Engine Driven Chillers, Trigeneration and Energy Conservation Measures.
Renewable Energy Technologies provides project development services that generate clean energy and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carbon dioxide emissions. Included in this are our turnkey "ecogeneration" products and services which include renewable energy technologies, waste to energy, waste to watts and waste heat recovery solutions. Other project development technologies include; Anaerobic Digester, Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass Gasification, and Landfill Gas To Energy, project development services.
Products and services provided by Renewable Energy Technologies include the following power and energy project development services:
- Project Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
- Engineering, Procurement and Construction
- Environmental Engineering & Permitting
- Project Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
- Shared/Guaranteed Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
- Project Commissioning
- 3rd Party Ownership and Project Development
- Long-term Service Agreements
- Operations & Maintenance
- Green Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
We are Renewable Energy Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects that will generate a "Renewable Energy Credit," Carbon Dioxide Credits and Emission Reduction Credits. Some of our products and services solutions and technologies include; Absorption Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated Demand Response, Biodiesel Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass Gasification, BioMethane, Canola Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration, Concentrating Solar Power, Demand Response Programs, Demand Side Management, Energy Conservation Measures, Energy Master Planning, Engine Driven Chillers, Geothermal Heat pumps, Ground source Heat pumps, Solar CHP, Solar Cogeneration, Rapeseed Biodiesel, Solar Electric Heat Pumps, Solar Electric Power Systems, Solar Heating and Cooling, Solar Trigeneration, Soy Biodiesel, Trigeneration, and Water source Heat pumps.
Additional EPC services include:
- Combined Cycle Powerplants
- Crude Oil Refineries
- Simple Cycle Power Plants
- Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Plants
- Gas Gathering System Sales
- Flare Gas Recovery
- Gas Compressors
- Glycol Dehydration
- Glycol Dehydrators
- Heater Treaters
- Natural Gas Measurement
- Vapor Recovery Units
- Engineering and Economic Feasibility Studies
- Project Design & Permitting
- Project Construction
- Project Funding & Financing Options
- Operations & Maintenance
About Heater Treaters, what is a Heater Treater?
A heater treater is utilized in oil and gas production facilities and gas gathering systems to make and transfer/apply heat to the natural gas that is produced from one of more production wells. Heater Treaters prevent the formation of water, ice and natural gas hydrates. These solids can plug the wellhead, chokes and flowlines. As water and salt water is a by-product of many natural gas and oil production wells, the water may cool during the production process, and up through the well, as it nears the surface or wellhead. Since chokes in the wellhead restrict the flow of the oil and gas from the well, temperatures may drop due to the pressure changes of the choke. This may cause the water or hydrates to freeze and plug the well, thereby slowing or stopping the oil and gas production.
About Glycol Dehydrators
Glycol dehydrators are utilized in oil and gas production facilities to dry or condition the natural gas before sales to the gathering system or pipeline.
About Gas Gathering:
The physical facilities that accumulate and transport natural gas from a well to an acceptance point of a transportation pipeline are called a gas gathering system.
Prior to FERC Order 636 in 1992, many interstate pipeline companies had a completely integrated supply system that was capable of delivering natural gas from the wellhead to the ultimate retail gas consumer. But, following Order 636, which separated gathering, marketing, and transmission operations, many pipeline companies reorganized and broke up this system into discrete parts and assigned them to affiliated companies.
The facilities, functions, and services required for gathering, processing, and transportation were placed in affiliated companies or were spun off or sold to other companies. Since most gas prices were no longer regulated, gas gathering service charges became subject to market forces and were a function of buyer/seller negotiation, isolated from the transmission charges imposed by the pipeline transporter.
More about Gas Gathering:
The corporate reorganizations brought about under the influence of FERC Order 636 caused a shift in the jurisdictional entities regulating the various facilities and services. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) had once regulated the entire integrated interstate pipeline system, but after the reorganizations, FERC became the regulating entity for only the interstate pipeline transportation and processing facilities and services. The spun-off or affiliated gathering facilities and services generally fell under state jurisdiction or other Federal agencies, such as the Department of the Interior, but in some cases FERC maintained jurisdiction. Especially unclear, and still contested in 2004, is the jurisdictional status of some Gulf of Mexico gathering systems.
These cases involve FERC’s reclassification of portions of a pipeline’s system operating on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) as non-jurisdictional gathering facilities and FERC’s determination that a pipeline company can transfer those facilities to its non-jurisdictional gathering affiliate. The key consideration in these, and similar onshore cases, is that FERC retains rate jurisdiction over those reclassified facilities that the pipeline retains and thus may regulate rates charged for transportation on the pipeline’s own gathering facilities performed in connection with jurisdictional transportation. Rates on non-jurisdictional facilities are market based and not subject to FERC oversight or review. Consequently, some shippers have raised complaints that rates on non-jurisdictional facilities may exceed a reasonable rate by an undue degree.
As a result of FERC’s decision in Order 636 to promote competition by requiring interstate pipelines to "unbundle" their previously bundled sales and transportation into separate services and to transport natural gas for all qualified shippers, some such pipelines have sought to shed OCS facilities that primarily perform a gathering function. Accordingly, those pipelines have asked FERC to reclassify OCS facilities that were previously classified as transportation, and to authorize "spin-downs" of OCS gathering facilities to affiliates.
To differentiate jurisdictional transportation and non-jurisdictional gathering for pipelines, FERC for many years has employed two principal tests. Under the "behind-the-plant" test, facilities upstream of compressors and processing plants (i.e., toward the wellhead where the gas comes out of the ground) were presumptively gathering facilities, while facilities downstream of the plants (i.e., toward the consumer) were presumptively transportation facilities. For gas that requires no processing, FERC employed a "central-point-in-the-field" test, under which lateral lines that collect and transport gas from separate wells that then converge into a single large line were classified as gathering facilities, while facilities downstream of the collection point in a field were classified as transportation. Since 1983, FERC has subsumed those two tests into a "primary function" test that focuses on a number of physical factors (e.g., length, diameter, and configuration of a pipeline) and certain other criteria, to determine whether facilities are primarily devoted to gathering or transportation. Under the primary function measure, no one factor is determinative, nor do all factors apply in every situation.
FERC developed its primary function test in the context of onshore gathering patterns. For natural gas produced on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), pipelines generally are configured differently and typically do not gather gas at a local, centralized point within a field as they would onshore to prepare it for traditional transportation. As stated in EP Operating Co. v. FERC (5th Circuit, 1989), "Rather, on the OCS, relatively long lines are constructed to carry the raw gas from offshore platforms where ‘only the most rudimentary separation and dehydration operations’ are conducted, to the shore or a point closer to shore, where it can be processed into ‘pipeline quality’ gas." It also notes that pipelines on the OCS must construct large pipes to carry (often over a 100 miles away) the raw gas from offshore rigs to the shore for processing. In response to the practical and physical differences between onshore and offshore pipeline configurations, FERC modified its primary function test for the OCS to allow for the increasing length and diameter of OCS gathering lines, and later announced that it would "presume facilities located in deep water [over 200 feet] are primarily engaged in gathering or production."